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ASEAN Cooperation on Environment

Overview of ASEAN Cooperation on Environment

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  ASEAN FACTS AND FIGURES
  Land Area
: 4,46 million square kilometres(3% of the world’s total)

  ASEAN Forest Cover

 

 

:

 

 

2000: 2,089,742 square kilometres

2007: 1,904,593 square kilometres

2011: 2,122,471 square kilometres **

  ASEAN Coastline
: 173,000  kilometres
  ASEAN Peatland Area
: 25 million hectares60% of global tropical peatland
  Population (2011) : 604,803,100
  Projected Population in 2020

:

 

650 million

 

  ASEAN GDP per Capita (2008)

  (range among AMS)

:

 

USD465 – USD37,597

 

  Policy Framework for Sustainable

  Development Cooperation in ASEAN

  (derived from)

 

 

:

 

 

 

- ASEAN Vision 2020 (15 December 1997)

- ASEAN Concord II (7 October 2003)

- ASEAN Charter (15 December 2008)

- for an ASEAN Community (1 March 2009)

 

     The ASEAN region is endowed with rich natural resources that sustain essential life support systems both for the region and the world. Apart from providing water, food and energy, these natural resources play an important role in sustaining a wide range of economic activities and livelihoods.

     The region is blessed with a variety of unique ecosystems such as the Mekong River Basin, Ha Long Bay and Lake Toba. The region has a long coastline, measuring about 173,000 kilometres in total, and is surrounded by major seas and gulfs such as the South China Sea, the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand.

     By virtue of its location in the tropics, ASEAN region is also endowed with abundant freshwater resources. In 2007, the region had a total capacity of 5,675 billion cubic metres of internal renewable water resources, with Brunei Darussalam, Lao PDR and Malaysia having the highest per capita water resource availability.

     ใWhile occupying only 3 per cent of the world’s total land area, the region is renowned for its rich biological heritage, comprising the three mega biodiversity countries, namely Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines, which together represent around 80 per cent of global biological diversity. The forest cover in ASEAN is about 45 per cent compared to the world’s average of 30.3 per cent and it provides the natural habitat for up to 40 per cent of all species on Earth.

     In terms of demography, ASEAN is highly populated. In mid 2008, the region had about 580 million people with a density of 130 people per square kilometre, one of the highest in the world. Population density is especially high in megacities such as Jakarta and Manila at about 10,000 people per square kilometre, spurred by increasing rural-urban migration and rapid urbanisation. In 2005, 44 percent of the region’s total population were living in urban areas and this is projected to increase to 55 percent by 2020.

     Increased population, rapid economic growth, combined with the existing and region-wide social inequities among the ASEAN countries have essentially exerted increasing pressures on the natural resources of the region and brought along various common or transboundary environmental issues, such as air, water and land pollution, urban environmental degradation, transboundary haze pollution, and depletion of natural resources, particularly biological diversity. It has also led to increased consumption of resources and generation of waste, resulting in unsustainable development. Therefore, despite an abundance of natural resources, ASEAN, as elsewhere, is facing an enormous challenge in keeping a delicate balance of environmental sustainability and economic development.

 

     

     Recognising the importance of environmental cooperation for sustainable development and regional integration, ASEAN has since 1977 cooperated closely in promoting environmental cooperation among its member states. Currently, ASEAN environmental cooperation focuses on ten priority areas of regional importance as reflected in the Blueprint for the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC Blueprint) 2009-2015 as follows:

 

 

 

Section D. Ensuring Environmental Sustainability

 

     ASEAN shall work towards achieving sustainable development as well as promoting clean and green environment by protecting the natural resource base for economic and social development including the sustainable management and conservation of soil, water, mineral, energy, biodiversity, forest, coastal and marine resources as well as the improvement in water and air quality for the ASEAN region. ASEAN will actively participate in global efforts towards addressing global environmental challenges, including climate change and the ozone layer protection, as well as developing and adapting environmentally-sound technology for development needs and environmental sustainability.

 

D.1. Addressing global environmental issues

D.2. Managing and preventing transboundary environmental pollution

        D2.1. Transboundary Haze Pollution

        D2.2. Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes

D3.   Promoting sustainable development through environmental education and public participation

D4.   Promoting Environmentally Sound Technology (EST)

D5.   Promoting quality living standards in ASEAN cities/urban areas

D6.   Harmonizing environmental policies and databases

D7.   Promoting the sustainable use of coastal and marine environment

D8.   Promoting Sustainable Management of Natural Resources and Biodiversity

D9.   Promoting the Sustainability of Freshwater Resources

D10.  Responding to Climate Change and addressing its impacts

D11.  Promoting Sustainable Forest Management (SFM)

 

 

 

 

       he current lead country arrangement and priority areas for regional cooperation are as follows

  Priority Areas

Lead/chair

(2010-2013)

 Subsidiary

Body

 D1.  global environmental issues  Vietnam AWGMEA
 D2.  transboundary environmental pollution

[Separate institutional

mechanism under AATHP]

 

 D2.1. Transboundary Haze Pollution

 

 D2.2. Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes

 D3.  environmental education and public participation  Brunei AWGEE
 D4.  Environmentally Sound Technology (EST) Malaysia -
 D5.  Urban Environmental Management & Governance  Indonesia

 AWGESC

 D6.  environmental policies and databases ASEC  -
 D7.  Coastal and Marine Environment Philippines AWGCME
 D8.  Sustainable Management of Natural Resources and Biodiversity  Myanmar  AWGNCB
 D9.   Freshwater Resources  Singapore  AWGWRM
 D10.  Climate Change  Thailand  AWGCC

 

     As environmental issues are interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral in nature and have impacts at the regional and global levels, concerted efforts have been made to coordinate activities with the relevant sectoral bodies of ASEAN, and other regional and international institutions. Environmental considerations have been incorporated into the development plans of other sectors to ensure that the goals of environmentally sound sustainable development are achieve

 

 


Source :

 

The ASEAN region is endowed with rich natural resources that sustain essential life support systems both for the region and the world. Apart from providing water, food and energy, these natural resources play an important role in sustaining a wide range of economic activities and livelihoods.